The number of jobs created by Apple

apple number of jobsApple is NOT a very large employer in the US.

Its workforce is estimated at about 100.000 people – a significant part of which is high-paid software engineers and other high-tech workers.

However, since these workers have very high salaries and consume a large part of them on local services, they end up being an important source of local job creation (the annual compensation of the average employee – including secretaries, janitors… – at software companies is above $200,000).

 It has been estimated that each high paid tech worker supports at least two jobs in local services – hair-stylists, waiters, cab drivers, nurses and doctors, therapists, carpenters, dog walkers, lawyers and so on. High-paid professionals spend a lot on housing, taxes and non-local services, but about half of their salaries is typically spent in local services (much more than what happens with other employees with lower salaries).

 In addition to this, Apple operation requires many local business services, from marketers and consultants to security guards and designers – which means more jobs in the local services sector.

Hence the paradox: indirectly, Apple is creating more service jobs in the US, than manufacturing jobs.

Obviously, Apple also creates millions of jobs in the manufacturing sector, but not in Cupertino, where Apple is headquartered, or in any other location in the U.S.

These other millions of jobs are created in Singapore and Taiwan where the electronic parts of the iPhones and iPads are manufactured, or in Shenzhen, China, where they are assembled.


Military and civilian job opportunities in Huntsville, Alabama

Huntsville AlabamaIn Huntsville (the “Rocket City”), Alabama, 7 of every 100 jobs are in technology-related sectors – mostly in the aerospace and military technology.

Aerospace and military technology are the main economic drivers of regional growth and careers in Huntsville.


Anyway, where there is high tech jobs, there is also an even larger number of “unskilled” jobs: hairstylists, waiters, drivers and so on. And that’s what’s happening in Huntsville. The creation of a high number of military and civilian jobs in high tech sectors is indirectly creating thousands of jobs in the services sector.


Average salaries aren’t among the highest in the country, but the average rent is cheap – about $700 a month.


The main technological hubs in Huntsville are the US Army Redstone Arsenal, the CRP: Cummings Research Park (the second largest research park in the US), the Marshall Space Flight Center (NASA) – and, of course, the UAH – University of Alabama, in Huntsville.

About 60 Fortune 500 companies have their headquarters or some sort of operation in Huntsville.


According to a 2015 report from the Chamber of Commerce of Huntsville/Madison County, the Redstone Arsenal is by far the largest employer in the region (about 31,500 people), followed by the NASA’s Marshall Space Flight Center (6,500), the Huntsville Hospital (6,340), the Huntsville City Schools (3,000), Boeing (2,600), the Madison County Schools (2,389), SAIC (2,277) and the City of Huntsville (2,206).


The U.S. Army Redstone Arsenal is the biggest employer in Huntsville: about 31.500 people.

And since there is a large number of companies and institutions with a close relationship with the Redstone Arsenal (Intergraph, Northrop Grumman, Wyle, Dynetic, Teledyne, Science and engineering services, PPG Aerospace and many other) the role of the US Redstone Arsenal in Huntsville as a job creator is far greater.

For careers in the US Army Redstone Arsenal (including civilian categories such as medical, dental and public health, psychologists, quality assurance, inspection, services, and so on) see this USAjobs government page,


There is an especially important Aviation & Aerospace cluster in Huntsville.

The biggest employers in this sector are NASA – Marshall Space Flight Center (6,500 jobs), Boeing (2,600), Northrop Grumman Corporation (1000+), PPG Aerospace (750) and Lockheed Martin Corporation (1000+)

NASA’s Marshall Space Flight Center is one of the best places to work in the federal government; Marshall Center is regularly recruiting scientists, computer programmers, engineers, accountants, writers, maintenance workers and many other professionals in many varied disciplines. To search for them, go to the NASA Marshall Careers

Job openings in Boeing Huntsville vary from time to time, and you have to check back often. Just go to their Boeing careers Huntsville

Northrop Grumman Corporation
Products: aircraft, logistics, cyber-security…
For Northrop job opportunities see their careers page.

PPG Aerospace
PPG produces coatings, removers and cleaner for aircrafts. They are regularly recruiting. Go to the PPG careers page for job openings.

Lockheed Martin Corporation, Huntsville, Alabama
Lockheed is regularly recruiting graduate students and experienced professionals, in diverse areas. See the Lockheed Martin career page


NASA’s Marshall Space Flight Center is a great place to work in the federal government, as mentioned earlier, but the City of Huntsville is also a major employer. To search for their career opportunities, go to City of Huntsville job page.

And go also to the Madison County Commission job openings page.


The Huntsville Hospital (+6000 employers) is a major employer in the region. Go to their careers/openings page to search for open positions.

Other major employers in the region and their career pages:
Crestwood Medical Center (800+ employees)
Qualitest Pharmaceuticals (1300+)


University of Alabama in Huntsville (UAH): workforce: about 1,700. Employment opportunities here
Huntsville City Schools (about 3,000): Employment opportunities
Madison City Schools (about  1000): Job Opportunities
Madison County Schools (about 2,400): Employment
Alabama A&M University (1,200): Search employment opportunities


Avocent (Emerson)
Avocent (data center design, centralized infrastructure, network monitoring, management tools) is present in Huntsville (and in 70 countries) and is regularly recruiting graduate  students and MBAs, as well as experienced professionals.
For careers in Avocent/Emerson group, go to their careers page here 

Telecommunications provider

Adtran develops and manufactures transmission products for high-speed digital communications used by corporations and telephone companies.

Packaging, distribution, retail and media development solutions.

Intergraph is a global provider of engineering and geospatial software.

Verizon Alabama
Wireless telecommunications.

Wyle is a provider of specialized engineering, professional, scientific and technical services to the federal government.

Dynetics offers a variety of services and solutions in the government and commercial space.
College, Professional and Military job opportunities

Technical services, manufactured products, engineered systems for marine, aviation, space, missile defense, energy, and environment companies.

Science and Engineering Services Inc.
Manufacturing, Integration, Training, and Maintenance Support for Aviation, Ground Systems and International Government Customers. Science & Engineering Services. Headquartered in Columbia, Maryland, but with sites in Huntsville, Alabama and Fort Knox, Kentucky.

Redstone Federal Credit Union
Banking, Insurance, Financial products and services

Recruiting areas: Engineering & Technology, Customer Care, Revenue & Marketing, In-Home Services & Installation, Content & Programming, Root Sports, DirecTV Latin America.
Careers page

Walmart Job Creation and Destruction

walmartHeadquartered in Bentonville, Arkansas, Walmart is the world’s largest company by revenue, according to the Fortune Global 500 list – and also the largest private employer in the world, with 2.2 million employees.

Impressive numbers, indeed!

But there is another even more impressive reality! Walmart is not just the world’s largest company and employer, with annual revenues of 476,294 million dollars.

Walmart has another side.

Walmart is the biggest commercial ally of China and the most important private agent of globalization. It provides cheap goods to the West, by bringing them from China and other low-wage countries, but it also indirectly destroys millions of manufacturing jobs in the U.S and other Western countries.

In this sense, Walmart is also the most important destroyer of jobs in the Western countries.

That’s the hidden side of Walmart.

Walmart doesn’t employ just 2.2000,000 people. It creates and destroys many times more jobs by interacting directly and indirectly with hundreds of thousands of companies through the mechanisms of globalization.

And it isn’t just headquartered in Bentonville, with over 11,000 stores in 28 countries. In a way Walmart is also headquartered in the manufacturing facilities of Shenzhen and other places in China and Asia, in close alliance with Apple and thousands of other western companies.

See also: Job creation and Destruction

Medical and healthcare job opportunities in Fort Worth, Texas

forth worthThe life science and the healthcare sectors are expanding rapidly in the Fort Worth and Dallas region.

Regional medical and life science clusters are among the most important in the country and the world. Analysts estimate that there are about 450 biomedical companies and over one thousand research and testing laboratories in the region (Fort Worth Chamber).

World-class medical schools and hospitals, and internationally recognized healthcare organizations – such as Baylor Health Care System, Cook Children’s Health Care System, Texas Health Resources and UT Southwestern – are major innovation drivers.

Regional initiatives such as TECH Fort Worth or BioDFW, are powerful business incubators for emerging biotech companies.


JPS Health Network
With a workforce of more than 5,000, JPS Health Network is a major employer in Fort Worth. To view their current jobs openings and careers, go to their Careers Applying page

JPS Health Network Careers page has a “Talent Management team” to guide you through joining the organization.

Harris Methodist Hospital             
Harris Methodist is another major employer in Fort Worth region. It employs about 4,000 and is permanently recruiting new physicians, nurses and allied health, administrative and IT professionals.

For job opportunities go to their career page here: Harris Methodist Hospital job openings

Alcon employs more than 3,300 people in Fort Worth – and much more worldwide (Alcon is present in 75 countries and is the world leader in eye care).

For careers at Alcon see their page here.

Cook Children’s Health Care System
Cook Children’s employs more than 3,100 in Fort Worth: physicians, nurses, science life investigators, IT and administrative professionals…

For careers at Cook Children’s organization see Cook Children’s Careers page

Other major medical and healthcare organizations in Fort Worth region
Other regional medical organizations, providing many job opportunities, including I&R:

Baylor Health Care System Careers
Texas Health Resources Careers
UT Southwestern Medical Center Careers

Job Contract Termination: US vs. Europe

job applyingAmerican labor laws do not require that companies notify their workers before termination. That’s the rule in the private sector and in most states.

In the US, the employer can terminate the working relationship for any reason, with some few exceptions: sex and racial discrimination, defamation, retaliation, fraud, breach of explicit contract.

The employee may feel he has been treated unfairly, but he can’t claim wrongful termination because of it.

That’s different in Europe.

The employer can’t breach the employment contract (a formal employment contract is mandatory, contrary to what happens in the US). The employees can claim wrongful dismissal or termination.

The company can’t dismiss the employee without any notice; and it has to follow disciplinary measures before dismissal, as stipulated in the contract and general labor law.

See also: Contract of employment, US vs Europe

Contract of employment: Europe vs. United States

job applyingIn the United States, in the private sector, there is no requirement for a formal contract of employment. The contract may or not exist. The employment-at-will dominates (except in the public sector).

The employer and the employee can terminate their working relationship at any time, and the conditions of employment can be changed prospectively: an employer can reduce the salary of the worker, or change the number of working hours – as long has he pays at least the minimum wage and respects the right of the employee to have a day off each week…

The situation is quite different in Europe.

Though legislation varies from country to country (especially the state-mandated severance pay rules), the employment contract is mandatory and is the basis of the relationship between the employer and the employee.

The North American employment-at-will doctrine does not apply; temporary contracts (limited to a number of days or months) are common in Europe since the 1980’0 decade, but companies and workers are required to have this or other type of formal contract, and to explicit the salary, its term and other specific conditions.

The company has to follow due process in terminating an employee and cannot alter the conditions of the contract (general labor law also limits weekly working hours, or the possibility of the company to alter its number at will).

See also: Employment contract termination: US vs. Europe

How to create jobs in Spain, Portugal, Italy and Greece & Labor Laws

europe flagsUnemployment rates are especially high in the southern European countries: Spain: 24.3%; Portugal, 14%; Italy, 12.5%; Greece, 27%. And the youth unemployment rates are even higher: about 50% in Spain…

Bottom line: Spain, Portugal, Italy and Greece need millions of new jobs.

But how to create them? Which policies to adopt?

The United States have created 2,720,000 jobs in 2014. Germany is also creating millions of jobs; its unemployment rate is now below 5%, down from 8.6% in 2007. The London region, in the UK, has also created millions of jobs in the recent years.

But how to create them in the southern European countries?


One of the policies envisioned by the Troika to create jobs (following its intervention in Ireland, Portugal and Greece) is the reform of labor laws. 

The rationale behind this reform is well-known: Job security requirements and state-mandated severance may affect investment, especially in globalized markets; they reduce the ability of companies to hire and fire workers; they are equivalent to taxes on job creation, which may reduce companies’ incentives to hire new workers…

But, as many expected, the reform envisioned by the Troika is not bringing the desired results.

After all southern European countries have already introduced – since the 1980’s decade – temporary contracts, a way of reducing payments for unjust dismissals. Recent changes do not amount to very much.

The problem with the southern European countries goes deeper, much deeper. It has to do with the Euro and excessive public and private debt, or with the non-existence of important innovation clusters, able to face the very negative effects of globalization in the labor market.


Biomedical and healthcare job opportunities in Detroit

detroit healthcareThe Metro Detroit area is home of one of the leading health care industry clusters in the U.S.

The biomedical and health care industry is creating thousands of jobs and is expected to increase further during the next few years – following the trends expected for the sector (according to the U.S. Department of Labor, the industry will create about 3 million jobs in the US, over the next 5 years).

Detroit’s medical sector ranks fourth in the nation, and involves more than 250.000 direct health care jobs and many more indirect jobs.


If you are looking for job opportunities in Detroit’s medical and health care services, consider the institutions listed below.

Full-time local workers in any of these institutions amount to several thousand: the “smallest” is the Blue Cross (more than 7,000 employees) and the biggest is the Beaumont Hospitals (19.000) and the University of Michigan Health System (about 16.500).

Beaumont: William Beaumont Hospitals

About 19,000 employees. Most are nurses and physicians, but not only: IT, management, accounting, education, research and other areas have many job opportunities.

To look for job openings, see William Beaumont Hospitals Careers
To search and apply for opening positions, see this page.
Blue Cross Blue Shield of Michigan
For careers see: Blue Cross Blue Shield

Blue Cross is the largest health insurance company in Michigan; they frequently have openings in areas such as accounting and finance, human resources, information technology, marketing and sales, underwriting and internships.

Henry Ford Health System (HFHS): 5 hospitals and a health insurance division

For careers see: Henry Ford Health System Careers

You can subscribe to the Henry Ford Talent Community in order to receive current job opportunities; they list the following areas (professions): Advanced Practice, Allied Health, Behavioral Health, Business/Administrative Support, Clinical Support, Corporate, Dialysis, Laboratory, Leadership, Mid-level Provider, Nursing, Nursing Care at Home, OptimEyes, Pharmacy, Physician, Radiology, Rehabilitation Therapy, Research, Respiratory, Surgical.

Detroit Medical Center: 9 hospitals and institutions
For careers see: Detroit Medical Center Careers

Detroit Medical Center is the largest private employer in Detroit: more than 12,000 employees; their facilities are located across five counties. They list among their top job opportunities: Coder, Nursing, Pharmacy, Physician Assistant, Radiology, Rehabilitation Services (PT/OT/SLP), Respiratory Therapy, University Laboratories, Physician Career Opportunities, Clinic-based positions

University of Michigan Health System

Besides nursing and allied health opportunities, the UMHS hires professionals in many other areas, from finance and hospitality, to medical and scientific research, IT, management and much more.

For job opportunities in the UMHS see UMHS careers

St. John Health System

St. John is offering a wide range of job openings for both internal and external applicants. For careers see: St. John Health System Job Openings.

You may join their Talent Community to keep up to date with newly posted jobs in specialty areas. You just have to join by going to this page.
Trinity Health, Saint Joseph Mercy

Trinity Health is a huge hospital network across the country. Visit this page, to look for jobs in the Trinity Health institution: Trinity Health Careers.

For careers in the Detroit’s Mercy Health see: Mercy Health Search Open Jobs
To search current job postings in the in Detroit’s Saint Joseph Mercy Health System, see: Job postings

Oakwood Healthcare Inc.

Oakwood is now part of the Beaumont Health.

For Nursing and Physician careers at the Oakwood Health Care group, see Oakwood job postings

Karmanos Cancer Center
Barbara Ann Karmanos Cancer Institute is focused to the prevention, early detection, and treatment and eradication of cancer.
For careers and job postings see Karmanos Careers

John D. Dingell Veterans Affairs Medical Center
US Department of Veterans Health Care:
For careers and job postings see John D. Dingell Careers

Wayne University

The Wayne State University in Detroit has the nation’s 4th largest medical school.
To search for Medical Career Services at Wayne State University, go to this page and follow the links that interest you.

University of Michigan (North Campus Research Complex, in Ann Arbor)

For job opportunities in biotechnology research areas, go to this page.

Start-up companies

The proximity of Rochester – 27 miles/43 Km from Detroit – and partnerships with the University of Rochester Medical Center (a world’s leading medical searching institution) and the AAB Institute of Biomedical Sciences (the present pivot of the Medical Center’s research programs) explains in part the importance of Detroit as a biomedical and health cluster research, but Detroit has arguments of its own.

Related post: Detroit isn’t doomed: jobs and investment in downtown Detroit

Fort Worth aviation and aeronautics job opportunities

forth worthFort Worth is at the center of the US aeronautic and aviation industry.

Besides the big companies producing commercial jet liners, helicopters and defense aircraft, Fort Worth is also home of hundreds of aviation-related suppliers – maintenance, parts, aircraft seats, electrical equipment, paint software, training, and so on.


The Lockheed Martin’s Aeronautics Division
Besides Lockheed Martin’s building military jets, Lockheed is also connected to other key high-tech areas: Information Technology, Space and Security, Energy, Robotics, Nanotechnology, and others; it employs 13,000+ people.

To look for Lockheed Martin careers and job openings (for skilled and experienced aeronautic technicians but also for other staff groups and college and graduate students), go to this Lockheed Martin careers and jobs page

Bell Helicopter (Textron group)
Bell Helicopter (3.800+ working force) is another major employer and source of job opportunities in Fort Worth. It builds military and commercial helicopters, and provides training services.
To search for job openings, go to the Bell Helicopter careers page

Naval Air Station Joint Reserve Base Fort Worth
NAS Fort Worth JRB comprise several headquarters and operational units, including aviation squadrons, intelligence commands and Seabees. It employs about 11.500 people (mostly military staff).

American Airlines Group       

This airline (6,500 people, in Fort Worth) is often recruiting qualified and non-skilled workers.
For careers in American Airlines Group see American Airlines careers page

Tarrant County College
This college has a critical role in developing a high-tech avionics workforce, including specialized programs for FAA Airframe or Powerplant certification.
To apply to jobs in Tarrant College go to this page.

See also: Fort Worth job opportunities in the aviation and aeronautics sector

Jobs and investment in downtown Detroit

detroit DoomedA big part of Detroit – a third, according to some estimates – has been abandoned. That’s a depressing spectacle: rows upon rows of apartment building and factories abandoned, looted, with signs of criminal activities, without public services such as transportation and street lighting.

It’s hard to imagine the glory days of Detroit’s fifties and sixties of the last century. The Motor City’s is a shadow of its past, with a fraction of its population and jobs.

But on the other hand, after many years of decline, downtown Detroit is showing signs of growth and animation – and it is creating jobs, many jobs.

Most of the investment and jobs aren’t reaching the poor neighborhoods; they are mostly concentrated in the central business district, but it’s like there is something new in the air.

But… is it? Isn’t Detroit doomed?

Is it possible to reverse the cycle of decline and job loss: production decline – less jobs – less consumption – less investment > more production decline – more unemployment – less consumption and less investment and less jobs?


Companies are adding many jobs in some Detroit districts, but they are mostly temporary.

The confidence in the future of Detroit is still shaky. Employers want flexible workforces to respond to possible negative shifts.

There are some important and dynamic industry clusters – the biomedical and health care sector, for instance – but they are still an exception.


Certainly not.

See Seattle, thirty years ago, before Microsoft and Amazon and dozens of other big corporations have based or moved their activities to the region; Seattle too was an unpromising place. Now Seattle is growing and creating thousands of jobs every week, and the destructive forces of globalization and job delocalization are not harming the city.

Why can’t it happen to Detroit too?

It’s possible to create a positive economic and social cycle in Detroit: more investment in strategic sectors > more high-tech jobs which will create more unskilled jobs > more consumption > more investment > more jobs and consumption and investment.


But, obviously, we can’t know if that is what is going to happen, and if the present signs of recovery are significant or not.

We can’t know how things are going to evolve.

Other American cities, with great innovation clusters, are showing the way of success in a globalized world – a world where the market forces combined with low-wages in poor countries can destroy the manufacturing base of other countries and steal their jobs.

Detroit has some powerful cards to play: a largely recovered automotive sector, a strong finance cluster, a world-class bio-medical and healthcare industry, an important information technology sector… They can be a source of economic progress, recovery and jobs.

Detroit’s turnaround depend on a cycle of confidence and strategic investment.

See Detroit Future City’s Strategic Framework Plan for a comprehensive and far-reaching set of tools and recommendations.